HISTORY & MYTHOLOGY

HISTORY

Due to their fertile land, and strategic location on the sailing and trading route to the Middle East, the Ionian Islands have been fought over for centuries.

Much of the time they belonged to the Venetians and Franks, even when the rest of Greece was under Byzantine or Turkish rule. Until recently, many fine Venetian fortresses, and other examples of Italian architecture remained legacy of their occupation. Unfortunately, in 1953 a major earthquake destroyed most of this architectural heritage, leaving only a handful of buildings still standing today.

We stretch our land legs on short treks to admire the ruins of old city walls and hilltop Venetian fortresses, often located where they have a spectacular panoramic view. (Kefalonia & Ithaki tours)

 

MYTHOLOGY

Made famous by Greek mythology in Homer’s classic ‘Odyssey’, the Ionian Sea was the setting for Odysseus’s final stage of his epic ten-year journey home from the Trojan War. According to Homer, Odysseus castle was on Ithaki, but Kefalonia, Lefkada and Zakinthos also belonged to his Kingdom. On our 'Mythological Ithaki' tour we visit Odysseus museum, housing interesting archeological pieces from Homeric era.

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